Radiculopathy

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Radiculopathy - Associated Conditions

There are at least several conditions associated with radiculopathy. Some are briefly discussed on this page.

Cauda equina syndrome (CES)

In CES, there is acute function loss of the lumbar plexus. It is a neurologic condition. The term "cauda equina" means horse tail, and refers to a bundle of nerves near the spinal cord's lower point. CES can be caused by various things, such as tumors, trauma, some inflammatory conditions, and more. Weakness of certain muscles may occur, along with other medical signs. At CT scan or MRI scan may be used to confirm diagnosis. Surgical decompression is often used as a treatment method. Cauda equina syndrome with a sudden onset is considered an emergency.

Cervical radiculopathy (CR)

In this condition, the radiculopathy affects the cervical vertibrae. CR is sometimes known as a pinched nerve. Although the issue originates in the spine, symptoms can appear in the hand, arm, and/or shoulder -- where the irritated nerve goes. Numbness, pain, weakness, and adverse effects on the upper arm reflex can be noticed. A physical examination, X-rays, and an MRI may be used in diagnosis. There are various treatment methods, which may attempt to either relieve pain, discourage re-injury, or both.

Paraplegia

In such a condition, there is an impairment in the patient's sensory or motor function, in the person's lower extremities. Most frequently, paraplegia occurs due to a traumatic spinal cord injury affecting its nervous tissue. It can, however, take place in other conditions such as spinal tumors, scoliosis, etc. Spina bifida, a developmental birth defect, can also cause it. Various levels of disability may occur, and some complications, such as pressure sores, might come.


Piriformis syndrome (PS)

In this syndrome, the sciatic nerve is irritated in some way by the piriformis muscle. This in turn causes symptoms such as pain, numbness and tingling, which can appear where the sciatic nerve goes -- generally the symptoms show up in the buttocks, lower thigh, and leg. Muscle relaxants and NSAIDs might be of use for treatment by relieving nerve and muscle pain associated with PS. Avoiding activities that may contribute to the pain, such as running and biking, is one other method of treating the syndrome. More about piriformis syndrome.

Sciatica

Actually a symptom, sciatica is brought on by irritation, such as compression, of the body's sciatic nerve roots. Aside from the previously mentioned piriformis syndrome, sciatica can also be caused by medical issues like spinal stenosis, sacroiliac joint dysfunction, etc. The main result of having sciatica is pain, but other symptoms like tingling and numbness, muscle weakness, and the individual having a hard time controlling his legs might also be present. Treating the cause of the compressed nerve may be useful in reducing the pain and other concerns. More about sciatica.

Quadriplegia

In quadriplegia, paralysis affects all limbs of the patient, as well as his torso. It is also known as tetraplegia. This is as opposed to the aforementioned paraplegia, in which the person's arms are not effected. The loss of use of these body parts may be partial or complete. Causes of this include spinal cord or brain damage. It can be brought on by physical trauma, certain diseases, etc. Multiple sclerosis, or MS, may also lead to quadriplegia.

More details

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